Strawberry is the favorite berry of not only children, but also adults, because it first comes to our table, after a long winter. On any garden plot there is always a place for several strawberry bushes. It is best if it is an Ostara remontant strawberry that gives crops from June to frost.
Description of the variety of strawberry Ostara
The variety belongs to reliable and time-tested varieties of remontant strawberries on a neutral daylight, characterized by continuous fruiting, as the fruit set is not dependent on the length of the daylight.
Ostara is distinguished by its precocity and steadily high yields. Low compact bushes reach height 25 cm.
Ostara belongs to the varieties of early-term ripening. The harvest of the first berries is small and falls on the beginning of June, the main harvest, amounting to 80% of the total, comes in August - September and lasts until the most frost. The yield of the bush Ostara description is up to 1.2 kg.
Ostara berries are cone-shaped, medium in size. The fruits of the first harvest are large in weight. up to 75 grams., the berries of subsequent collections have a tendency to shredding, and their average weight is 15 gr.
The berries are bright red, with a smooth glossy surface and a delicate texture of loose pulp. Ostara fruits are sweet and sour, aromatic and very tasty.
Breeding and growing conditions
Ostara is a variety of remontant strawberries bred by Dutch breeders in 1969. The variety obtained by crossing varieties Masherahs Daurernte and Red Gauntlet. The result of the selection is unpretentiousness of a grade to climatic conditions and soils.
Due to the high winter hardiness it can grow in most parts of Russia and the near abroad.Ostara variety can grow in most parts of Russia
Advantages and disadvantages
Like all varieties, Ostara has both advantages and disadvantages.
The advantages of the variety are:
- sweet, rich taste of wild strawberry;
- continuous flowering and heavy fruiting;
- unpretentiousness to growing conditions;
- increased resistance to fungal diseases (except gray rot).
The disadvantages include:
- Ostara belongs to varieties of intensive (accelerated) fruiting, which, as a result of continuous flowering and fruiting, age quickly, berry plantings need to be updated every 2 years;
- shallowing of fruits the next year after planting;
- bad berry transportability because of the soft texture of the fruit;
- short shelf life of fruits.
Growing remontant strawberries is somewhat different from normal cultivation, due to the fact that the continuous fruiting of the bushes depletes them and there is a danger of the bushes dying after harvesting.
Put the berries on only well-lit placesthen the berry will be sweet. When planting in the shade the crop will be insignificant, the plants will develop poorly.
Planting seedlings can be made in the spring or late August, when the heat subsides. Young seedlings and rooted mustaches are used as seedlings.
Landing holes located at a distance 50 cm apart, filled with humus or compost, make ash and complex mineral fertilizers are added to the soil perlite or vermiculite, to improve soil structure and retain moisture and nutrients. The soil in the wells is well mixed and again it is desirable to add vermiculite again.
Experienced gardeners prefer planting square-nested way. Its essence consists in planting 3 plants in a nest (well) in the form of a triangle. At the same time the distance between the plants 10 cm, and between the nests 50 cm.
Planted seedlings are watered with a solution of Epin or Zircon to better root the seedlings and relieve stress after planting. The next day, the beds are watered with Fitosporin solution to prevent diseases and enhance the immunity of strawberries.
When planting seedlings need do not bury the "heart", the place where young leaves grow from. It should be above the soil level.
All flower stalks that appear after planting during the season must be removed, allowing the plants to take root well. Strong strawberry bushes next year will give a full harvest.For good rooting, flower stalks must be removed.
Further care is regular watering, loosening and dressing.
Strawberries, and especially varieties of neutral daylight, very moisture-loving, the soil under it should always be wet. Therefore, planting need to mulch. Mulch will not only maintain the soil moisture and eliminate loosening, but will restrain the growth of weeds and the berries will be clean from the ground.
For continuous fruiting throughout the season strawberries Ostara need a lot of nutrients. They are applied to the soil throughout the season, both dry and liquid.
As dressings use:
- wood ash, humus, compost, which is sprinkled under the bushes of plants;
- complex mineral fertilizers;
- fermented infusions of herbs;
- infusions of bird droppings and mullein.
The application of organic fertilizers and mineral alternate.
The care of strawberry plantings includes the removal of excess whiskers growing out of the main bush during the growing season. To avoid plant depletion remove all mustache, leaving only the first, departing from the bush. It is the strongest and can be used as a seedling when replacing plantations.
Preparation of strawberry planting for the winter consists of pouring the earth on the bare roots of plants, fertilizing and mulching the beds with humus, fallen leaves, sawdust, peat.
The disease manifests itself with high humidity, thickened plantings and affects all parts of the plant. Crop loss with disease can reach 80%.Gray rot on the strawberry Ostara
In order to avoid planting diseases, strawberries should be well ventilated, it is necessary to eliminate the contact of plants with the soil. For this, mulch berry plantations should be done. Plants do not overfeed with nitrogen fertilizersso that they do not increase the excess mass of the leaves and do not thicken.
For the prevention of the disease, prophylactic spraying of plantings is carried out at the beginning of the growing season, when the leaves grow, a 3.0% solution of Bordeaux mixture. At the end of budding and after harvesting, spraying with a 1.0% solution of colloidal sulfur is necessary.
To combat the disease, fungicides are used: Strobe, Switch, Euparin, Bayleton, Kaptan, or the biopreparation Alirin-B.
Brown spotting occurs when thickened strawberry plantations, high humidity and sudden changes in air temperature.
For the prevention of disease in early spring remove dry leaves that may have overwintered fungus. Blue sprinkling of over-wintered stands with 3.0% Bordeaux mixture. Soil mulching under plants.Leaves are affected by brown spot.
In the presence of the disease, the following fungicides are used: Fast, Strobe; Fundazol.
With the defeat of strawberry powdery mildew, the leaves become purple in color, curled and covered with a grayish bloom.
To combat the disease using fungicides: Topaz, Fundazol, Tilt, Strobe and Fitosporin-M.With powdery mildew, leaves turn purple
One of most dangerous strawberry pests. Tick damage to young leaves of plants leads to twisting and yellowing. Plant growth ceases. With a massive lesion is possible the death of all plants.
To combat the pest using a solution of karbofos or colloidal sulfur, in early spring and after harvesting.Strawberry Mite
Nematode damage is manifested in leaf deformation and twisting. Cuttings of leaves become fragile and break easily. The affected plants practically do not bear fruit.
At the first sign of the presence of nematodes, infected plants must be removed from the site and burned.Strawberry Nematode
The presence of spider mites on plants is manifested by the appearance of spider webs on the plants, leaves begin to turn yellow and dry up.
To combat the pest, treat the strawberries after harvesting with Karbofos solution and, if possible, cover with 3 hours of plastic wrap.
Having planted this variety in your plot, you will enjoy the sweet berry from the beginning of summer until the very frost.