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The benefits and harms of thorns

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In the process of evolution, humanity has learned to benefit from almost everything. The turn, known by biblical legends, was no exception, because it was from its thorny branches that a crown was woven for Jesus Christ. Despite the sad glory, This plant has healing properties, and its fruits are used in cooking.. Let's take a closer look at this plant, what benefits and harm it can bring to the human body.

Botanical description

The turn is a fairly tall shrub growing up to 3.5-4.5 m in height. Some species are represented in the form of stunted trees up to 5 m. The thorn branches are completely covered with sharp spines.

The plant blooms in April-May, depending on the region of growth. Blooming blackthorn very beautiful - first, white flowers abundantly cover the branches of a bush, and after a while the leaves unfold. During flowering bees collect pollen and nectar, so the plant belongs to the honey plants.

Bush thorns in bloom

The black leaves are 5 cm long and have an elliptical shape with jagged edges.. Brown-reddish shrub wood is used to make various joinery and turning products of small diameter and is valued for its strength and hardness.

The turn occurs in the steppe and forest-steppe zones, on the forest edges and on the cutting areas, on the steep banks of the rivers and along the roadsides, often forming impassable thickets. The roots of thorns bushes well strengthen the slopes and prevent soil erosiontherefore, they are planted along rivers and in ravines. In landscape design, shrubs are used as hedges.

The plant range includes Western Europe, Asia Minor, Iran, Tatarstan, Ukraine, the European part of Russia, the Crimea and the Caucasus, and in the mountains the shrub is found at an altitude of 1200-1600 m above sea level.

The turnip is black and blue, round and about 12 mm in diameter.. The outer part of each fruit is covered with a gray wax coating, and inside there is one wrinkled bone.

Calorie and chemical composition

The chemical composition of the turn varies depending on the geographical region, but the base remains the same. The fruits contain:

  • glucose, sucrose and fructose;
  • pectin;
  • tannins and aromatic substances;
  • organic acids;
  • vitamins A, C, E, B₁, B₂, PP;
  • iron, potassium, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, magnesium, iodine, cobalt, zinc, manganese, chromium;
  • essential oil.

The energy value of fresh turn fruit is 49-54 kcal per 100 g.

Thorn bush with fruits

Tart-sour berries of wild plum ripen in July-August, but at this time they are not removed, because they are almost inedible, due to the high content of tannins.

Usually, fruit picking starts after the first frost. In the process of freezing in the fruits of the turn, the chemical composition changes - the amount of organic acids and tannins decreases, the berries lose their tartness and become tasty.

From one adult bush, dwarfs collect up to 12-15 kg of fruits.which are characterized by good quality and portability.

Useful properties of terena for the human body

If in many medicinal plants one part has healing power, then the turn in this regard is unique - not only its berries are used for medicinal purposes, but also leaves, roots, flowers, branches and bark.

Fruit

Freshly Thorn Fruit

Thorn berries are eaten fresh, and also dried or prepared from them jams, jams, pasteurized juices. The fruits of this fruit have a lot of useful properties.:

  • normalize microflora and improve intestinal peristalsis, relieve flatulence;
  • remove harmful substances from the body and reduce slagging;
  • relieve insomniaincreased irritability, nausea and shortness of breath;
  • reduce and normalize patient weight. Specially developed diet includes in the diet of the berries of the turn, which contribute to the burning of fat deposits, normalization of metabolic processes;
  • strengthen the walls of blood vessels, lower blood pressure and cholesterol in the blood, reduce the risk of developing heart disease;
  • improve the condition of the kidneys and liver in various pathologies;
  • strengthen the immune system, mobilizes the body's defenses;
  • are a preventive measure against the development of prostate adenoma, normalize the work of the prostate prostate;
  • strengthen the gums;
  • reduce menstruation pain.

Flowers and leaves

Thorn flowers

The black flowers are harvested during their full bloom, dried in a dark ventilated room and stored in tightly closed jars (glass or tin) in a place inaccessible to sunlight. Basically use a decoction or tea from flowers that have healing properties.:

  • purify the blood and remove toxins from the body;
  • rid of skin ulcers and erysipelas, help with furunculosis;
  • clean the liver, normalize the bowels;
  • contribute to metabolic restoration;
  • act soothingly for insomnia and neuralgia;
  • serve as a diuretic and sweatshops.

From the flowers of the turn brew healing tea: 25 g of flowers pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and wrap the container with a drink for 10-15 minutes to infuse. Tea from flowers of thorns is drunk as usual without a strict dosage, and also used for external use as lotions.

Black leaves decoctions have the same properties as floral. For their preparation, the leaves are torn off in the middle of summer, after the end of flowering shrubs. They are dried and stored in the same way as flowers, and cooked broths are drunk like regular tea.

Roots, shoots and bark

To preserve the healing power of the plant, it is important to harvest the raw materials at the "right" time.:

  • Roots dug in the fall, dried for 2-3 weeks in the open airand then dry it in the oven. Dried roots can be stored in bags of linen or cotton fabric for up to three years.
  • Twigs and young shoots are picked at the beginning of summer., dried in the open air and stored for a year.
  • Bark removed from the bush in early springuntil the plant has bloomed. Drying and storing the bark is carried out similarly to harvesting the roots.

Broths from roots, branches and shoots have antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and diaphoretic properties, so they are taken for colds and flu.

Brew decoctions instead of regular tea - they help to clean the blood and get rid of irritations on the skin. In the form of broth diluted with boiled water, it is used for douching for female inflammations.

Contraindications and possible harm to human health

The thorns have no special contraindications for human health. Reduce the use of berries to those who are concerned about stomach problems:

  • gastritis;
  • gastric ulcer in the acute stage;
  • increased acidity of the stomach.

To refuse to use teren will have people with severe allergies, although such cases are quite rare.

Special harm fruits deliver tooth enamel - after using the turn, the teeth are painted a bluish tint. It looks extremely unaesthetic, and the blue is washed off the teeth completely only after a few days.

After cooking the decoction of the fruit of the turn, the berries must be removed. With prolonged contact of the seeds of the fruit with water, toxic components are formed in the liquid, which can cause poisoning.

Use of black berries not contraindicated for children and pregnant women, with the latter even useful for toxemia and bouts of nausea.

Fresh berries can trigger stomach upset., sweet preserves and jams are an undesirable set of excess body weight, but only if these products are used excessively.

Recipes with dwarf

The turnip is used to prepare sweet preparations for the winter (jam, jam, jam), as well as all sorts of sauces, seasonings and vodka liqueurs and liqueurs.

Jam

Thorn jam

The most popular is the jam from the thorns. Boil a sweet treat should be on the same principle as any other berries.:

  • Bust and wash 1 kg of turn fruit, drain the water.
  • Remove the bones from the berries.
  • Of 1.5 kg of sugar and 2-3 glasses of water cook syrup.
  • After the sugar has completely dissolved in the boiling syrup add the turn, boil and remove the dishes from the fire.
  • Cool the jam to room temperature and boil it again, bringing to a boil and boiling for 2-3 minutes.
  • The third time boil the jam and cook over low heat until cooked. In the process of cooking periodically stir and remove the foam.
  • Ready jam hot pour into dry sterilized jars and roll up tin lids. After cooling, remove the banks for storage.

Blackberry juice

The juice of turn in the banks for the winter

To get the juice, use the juice cooker, which is loaded with the turnip with sugar (for 1 kg of berries take 100 g of sugar). The juice is poured into cans, then sterilized and rolled tin lids. After cooling the cans to room temperature, they are removed for storage in a dark place.

Kvass from the turn

Kvass from thorns

To prepare a refreshing drink, you will need 3-4 liters of water, 0.5 kg of black berries, 0.5-1 cup of any honey and 15-20 g of yeast:

  • Washed and pitted fruits, grind to a state of mashed potatoes, pour water and boil for 40 minutes.
  • Received by strain the broth, add to it the yeast and honey.
  • Leave for fermentation for 10-12 hours at room temperature.
  • Thereafter bottled and put in the fridge.

Simple blackthorn

Blackthorn

It takes a long time to prepare the classic blackcurrant liqueur - it will take 4-6 months to age the liqueur. Strong drink lovers use a quicker recipe. For him, you need to take 1 kg of turn, 200-300 g of sugar and 1 liter of vodka. Instead of vodka, you can use ethyl alcohol, diluting it with water to a strength of 40-45%, as well as inexpensive cognac or purified moonshine:

  • Berries to sort out, remove rotten and tainted, wash and free from stones.
  • Purified pulp mix with sugar and put in a glass jar.
  • Jar tie a two-layer gauze and put on solar window sill.
  • After 2-3 days, pour in vodka, mix the berries and put the jar in a dark place with room temperature (cupboard or closet).
  • To sustain pouring within 14 daysWith the first week shaking the jar with the contents daily.
  • In two weeks strain the drink and bottle. Hermetically sealed and stored.

The turnaround can be stored for up to 5 years, and alcohol drink strength is 30-32%.

Conclusion

Thorny shrub with plain berries on closer inspection turned out to be a useful plant. From it you can make alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, sweet preparations for the winter, seasonings and sauces for different dishes..

Beneficial to the human body are the fruits of the turn and all kinds of decoctions made from different parts of the plant. Their use is not limited to certain dosages - healing broths drink like ordinary tea. The main condition for preserving the therapeutic effect of the turn is to meet the collection time and the process of drying raw materials.

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