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Symptoms and treatment of myxomatosis in rabbits


Rabbit breeding is a popular branch of the household. After all, these pets have high fecundity, and their meat has a high value. However, breeding does not always proceed as smoothly as we would like.

Many farmers who breed rabbits know that these individuals are prone to disease, leading to dire consequences. One of the dangerous diseases that often occurs in these animals is myxomatosis.

If during the time not to provide appropriate treatment, then as a result all the livestock may die. In this article, we will examine the symptoms of myxomatosis in a rabbit, learn how to cure a disease, and whether it is dangerous for humans.

Symptoms of myxomatosis in rabbits

If you suddenly began to notice that your rabbit offspring began to suffer from any disease, then for a start it is worthwhile to determine what kind of a disease you have to fight. To determine the disease you need to pay attention to the appearance and behavior of individuals. In the presence of infection, the offspring become passive, many individuals lose their appetite, they become sluggish.

However, with myxomatosis, there are a number of symptoms and signs that should be paid special attention from the first days of appearance:

  1. First, serious eye damage occurs. The first signs of conjunctivitis appear on the mucous membrane of the eyes. Then there are secretions from the eyes that have a milky structure. After that, they become very swollen and inflamed;
  2. Inhibited movements. With myxomatosis in rabbits, the movement is inhibited, slow. At this time, he does not move as confidently and actively as usual;
  3. Sharp increase in body temperature. Body temperature at this time can rise to +42 degrees. To the touch the body of individuals is hotter, sometimes even fiery;
  4. Deterioration of the quality of wool. The structure of the rabbit's fur loses its bright and saturated color. To the touch it becomes tough. In addition, even with light stroking shreds of wool fall out;
  5. In addition to eyes, lips, ears, nose, and eyelids swell up. Sometimes there are inflammatory processes of the reproductive organs;
  6. During the transition to severe disease individuals almost always lie and even the ears cannot lift;
  7. Sometimes the animal may fall into a coma, from which it is rather difficult and sometimes impossible to remove him;
  8. On the nose, ears and paws fibrous nodes are formed.
The incubation period of the disease is from 5 to 14 days. The duration of infection depends on the strain of the virus that infects the animal.

Often, the owner does not pay attention to the first symptoms of the disease, because it does not manifest itself at the first stage. Therefore, individuals so not receiving proper treatment die. It occurs within 2 days or 48 hours. Sometimes there are cases when individuals in such a serious condition lived for another 2 weeks.

Onset of myxomatosis in rabbits

Sometimes, along with myxomatosis, other associated infectious diseases occur in rabbits.which worsen the condition of individuals a lot. During myxomatosis, pneumonia occurs, which is fatal to the animal. In these cases, it is necessary, as early as possible, to carry out the appropriate treatment, which consists of vaccination and vaccination of rabbits against myxomatosis.

How does the infection occur?

It is worth remembering that myxomatosis is transmitted through insects. Blood sucking insects are carriers of this disease:

  • Mosquitoes;
  • Mosquitoes;
  • Flies;
  • Midges;
  • Fleas;
  • Lice;
  • Ticks.

The peculiarity lies in the fact that these insects are not sick with this disease, they simply carry its virus on their paws. As soon as any of these insects lands on an animal, it carries the virus from its paws onto it and as a result the rabbit is immediately infected with myxomatosis virus.

Sometimes the carriers of this disease are birds, they carry the virus of the disease on the claws. Accordingly, when the rabbit comes in contact with this bird, the rabbit is immediately affected by this disease.

With the defeat of one individual of the rabbit family there is a rapid infection of all the other representatives of the rabbits that live nearby.

Treatment of myxomatosis at home

Now let's talk about how and how to treat myxomatosis in rabbits. Many experts believe that the treatment of myxomatosis in rabbits at home is difficult enough. However, this is a controversial issue. If you start the treatment of this disease in the earliest terms, then you can cure it completely in a short period.

Ears of a rabbit with myxomatosis


Vaccination does not provide complete protection against the disease, but provides for its flow in a mild form and reduces the risk of its occurrence in the future. In addition, after vaccination, the survival rate of individuals increases significantly.

In rabbits that have been vaccinated, the disease manifests itself as small swelling and nodules. These symptoms disappear after some time independently. The duration of the vaccine is 9 months.

Vaccination rules:

  1. Vaccination is done to rabbits at the age of one month, 7 days after weaning;
  2. Rabbits at the age of two months are boosted;
  3. Vaccination is done twice a year - in March and September;
  4. The vaccine must be administered with sterilized needles and syringes. Instrument to boil for at least 15 minutes;
  5. For each rabbit a separate needle is necessarily used. In no case should vaccine be administered to all individuals with a single needle;
  6. The vaccination site is treated with a medical alcohol solution;
  7. After vaccination, individuals are observed for 20 days.

If the vaccination is done by the subcutaneous method, then half of the vaccine dose and half of the solvent are used for this. 0.5 ml of the drug is injected into the thigh.

During intradermal administration, a single dose of vaccine and 0.2 ml of solvent are used. In these cases, the drug is injected into the ear area in a volume of 0.2 ml.

No rabbits younger than 6 weeks old are vaccinated. Only healthy rabbits are allowed to be vaccinated, because vaccination of affected individuals will be useless. After the introduction of the vaccine quarantine is observed for 2 weeks.

Antibiotic treatment

Often this disease is treated early with antibiotics and immunomodulators. Sometimes for the treatment of open wounds using alcohol iodine solution.

Running form of myxomatosis

Methods of home treatment:

  1. Daily subcutaneous injections are made. Gamavit is injected subcutaneously in a dosage of 0.2 ml. Injections are made until complete recovery of individuals;
  2. Subcutaneous injections - Fosprenil 1 ml. The drug is administered 1 time per day until complete recovery;
  3. Week give the rabbits to drink a solution of Baytril. This medicine should be diluted in water at a dosage of 1 ml per 10 kilograms of the individual. This solution is necessary to water the rabbits daily;
  4. Be sure to bury your eyes with special drops, such as Ofloxacin. This drug is used as an ointment;
  5. Into the nose should be instilled Aquamaris drops;
  6. Saline is used for washing the eyes;
  7. Open wounds are treated with an alcoholic iodine solution until they are completely healed;
  8. During the week, the rabbits are injected subcutaneously with vitamin B to strengthen the immune system;

How to treat sick rabbits with folk remedies?

In addition to drug treatment and vaccination, myxomatosis can be treated using traditional methods, namely:

  • Lubrication of the affected areas with copious amounts of sunflower oil. To do this, pour a small amount of sunflower oil on the pan (it is advisable to use unrefined or fresh oil) and heat it. As soon as it is heated we overcook it for 15-20 minutes. Next, dip the cotton swab into the oil mixture and lubricate all affected areas;
  • Treatment with a solution of camel spines. It is necessary to collect a full jar of these spines and fill them with hot water. Then close the jar lid, leave to stand for 2-3 hours. After this time, the solution must be filtered through a gauze material. This solution must be recruited into a syringe and injected into the rabbits in the shin areas. The dosage for adults should be no more than 5 ml, and for small rabbits 2 ml. Before using this recipe, you should consult a veterinary specialist;
  • You can use the following recipe for wound healing.: you need to collect urine in a jar or bottle and put it in sunlight, preferably on direct rays. After 2-4 hours it will be possible to dip a cotton swab in this liquid and lubricate all the affected areas in rabbits with it. The skin will heal much faster, and the smell of urine will scare away all mosquitoes and blood-sucking carriers of myxomatosis.

Edematous form

The edematous form or the classic form of myxomatosis in rabbits is considered the most severe. Its duration ranges from 4 days to 15 days. It usually ends in death.

Edematous form of myxomatosis

The main features of this form are:

  1. There are redness in the form of spots or cones on the surface of the skin around the eyelids and on the auricles;
  2. Damage of the mucous membrane of the eyes, conjunctivitis manifests with purulent discharge from the eyes;
  3. Severe swelling of the eyes;
  4. Bonding eyelids;
  5. The appearance of liquid nasal discharge;
  6. Difficulty breathing.

Treatment of miskomatosis in the edematous form is not carried out, because it does not give results. If individuals develop myxomatosis in edematous form, they should be scored. Meat after slaughter in food can not be consumed.

Nodular form

Myxomatosis in a nodular form in rabbits runs from 30 to 40 days. This form of the disease is considered the easiest, and it is characterized by the appearance of small nodules in the greatest number on the head and on the ears. Later, there are signs of conjunctivitis and runny nose.

For the treatment of myxomatosis in this form, you must proceed immediately after the first days. Antibiotic drugs, vaccination and wound treatment with iodine solution are usually used to treat this form. The survival rate after this form is almost 70%.

Nodular form of myxomatosis

Is it possible to eat the meat of sick animals and is it dangerous for humans?

But what about the meat of a sick animal? Myxoma disease in rabbits leaves open the question of whether their meat can be consumed after or during a disease.

There is no single answer to this question. Many experts argue that this disease does not pose a particular danger to humans, and therefore the meat of a sick rabbit can be eaten after slaughter.

Consuming the meat of a dead animal is by no means recommended even without myxomatosis. There is another opinion of experts that the meat of a sick animal is not worth it, because in the process of myxomatosis he has a change in metabolism, inflammatory processes and other adverse symptoms occur.

After slaughter animals need to be burned. But if you are not too squeamish, then after slaughter you can leave the carcass for their further consumption. But it is advisable to carefully prepare them.


In order to prevent the occurrence of this serious disease and to protect your rabbit offspring from infection with this infection, it is worth following all the preventive recommendations:

  • During the period of activity of blood-sucking insects, it is necessary to carefully protect all animals from their attack. The greatest activity of these insects is observed in May and June, during this period a special room should be equipped for rabbits, which will exclude contact with all kinds of blood-sucking insects;
  • For new animals, quarantine activities should be carried out without fail;
  • Constantly check animal fleece for fleas and lice. At their first occurrence, treat them with appropriate agents against these parasites;
  • If the animal is sick with myxomatosis, it should be immediately transplanted into a separate cage;
  • Animal cells should be regularly treated with disinfectants;
  • Be sure to feed the individuals, even if they have no appetite. If individuals cannot feed on their own, they are fed through a syringe;
  • Pumpkin pulp and pineapple juice are added to rabbit feed. The components are mixed, the consistency of the mixture should resemble puree. This mixture must be fed to the individuals every day before and after their recovery;
  • Regular and timely vaccination of all individuals.

Myxomatosis is a serious disease that usually occurs in an acute form. When it occurs, many owners are not immediately able to determine the presence of this disease. For this reason, in many individuals it goes into a severe form that cannot be cured.

Many veterinary experts advise that when a disease occurs, immediately kill animals that are sick., because often the treatment does not bring a positive result. There is also no intelligible answer to the question of whether the disease is dangerous for a person. In any case, we advise you to play it safe and not risk your health.

Finally we offer to watch a small video on the topic: