Many people living in the countryside do rabbit breeding. For the most part, to provide your family with fresh, tasty meat. In addition, rabbit meat - dietary and it is shown to use in many diseases, as well as for baby food. Breeding rabbits as a business does not find its wide distribution.
But this is the only business that can be started at minimal cost. The fertility of animals, the high cost of meat and low competition are important components of a permanent, high income from this type of activity. With skillful approach and organization - this business can be exactly what will bring you a stable and high income.
In this article, we will look at rabbit breeding as a business, find out where to start and how to succeed.
Rabbit breeding as a profitable business: advantages and disadvantages
Any entrepreneurial activity has its pros and cons. Rabbit breeding is no exception. The advantages of a mini farm include:
- Low financial costs at the beginning of the case.
- High fertility, which does not require the purchase of young animals.
- Minimum documents for the organization.
- Low maintenance costs.
- The high cost of meat.
- A great opportunity for marketing.
- Low competition.
- Getting additional income from the sale of skins and manure.
- The downside in rabbit breeding is exposure to infectious diseases and, at the same time, high mortality.
- Strict sanitary requirements for care and breeding.
- Registration of relevant documents.
What is better to arrange - personal subsidiary farming, individual entrepreneurship or farming?
Any type of activity must be registered and paid taxes. It is clear that if there are 20-30 rabbits in the farm, then this is not necessary for own consumption and registration. The choice of the form depends on the number of animals and how many employees in the farm. We will understand more in the registration forms:
- LPH (personal subsidiary farm).
- PI (individual entrepreneurship).
- KFH (peasant farm).
Ideal for a novice businessman. Starting with a personal farm on your land, you have many opportunities for development. PWhen conducting such a form of production, taxes are not paid, but for doing business, you need to provide a certificate of land availability. The implementation of meat through the markets and their friends.
What gives the design of IP?
With this form it will be possible to open your retail outlet for the sale of meat. And also provide them with other outlets. The entrepreneur is obliged to pay tax. On this issue should contact the local tax office for clarification, because the legislation in this matter is constantly changing.
- Certificate for the farm.
- Get a GOST-R declaration.
- Issue phytosanitary certificate.
If there is no accounting knowledge, then you will need to hire a specialist to keep records. Therefore, it is better to register entrepreneurship for large production volumes.
Performs any kind of agricultural activity. It is similar to entrepreneurship, except for some moments:
- may have several farm managers with equal rights;
- No statutory and constituent documents are required.
Be prepared to solve problems yourself.
Hence the conclusion, if you do not have production on an industrial scale, then at first it is better to dwell on the design of a small private farm.Keeping rabbits in pens
For the agricultural direction two forms of taxation. This is a simplified view, where revenues are minus expenses and Unified Agricultural. Which one is more convenient for you, you can ask advice from a person engaged in accounting activities. Because it depends on the form of activity, on the number of employees and on the volume of production.
When registering, you will be assigned an OKVED code with encoding - A.01.25.2. This means: breeding rabbits and fur animals in a farm. This code does not include meat and animal skins obtained from hunting or catching.
How to start breeding animals from scratch?
Any business begins with the study of the theory. Learn everything related to breeding rabbits: reproduction, housing conditions, feeding, disease, and much more. Ask for advice from experienced rabbit breeders. To study the instructions for drugs, such as Solikoksu.
Think about which cages will contain animals. What kind of food they can get. On what land will the complex be located. Just read about all the breeds of rabbits and think about which one you prefer will work. Explore the market.
The best breed for breeding
Breeds for breeding are best to choose those that can tolerate our Russian climate and are not particularly demanding to conditions of detention. In this case, the occupation of the rabbit will be beneficial.
Rabbit breeds for breeding are divided into:
There are also decorative rabbits, but they are kept as pets.Selection of breeds of rabbits for breeding
- Meat breed.
Fast-growing rabbits. They gain maximum weight by six months. With sufficient care by 4 months the carcass can be from 2 to 3 kg.
- Meat - sandpaper.
Rabbits from which you can get and skin, and meat.
Rabbits with beautiful soft down that many people use to make clothes.
Belong to meat breed. These rabbits are the largest. The body length reaches 70 cm. The mass of an adult reaches 10 kg. For breeding the remaining large meat breeds used it flandrov.
Rabbits have large, wide ears. Strong, muscular body. Gentle, soft meat. The color of the fur is similar to a kangaroo or beaver. Flanders are popular with breeders because of their balanced and calm nature.Flandr rabbits
But this breed has its drawbacks. They need large cages, but are better kept in cages. Eat a lot of feed. Late-ripe rabbits. Often have difficulties in childbirth. But if they create decent conditions, it is quite possible to breed for income.
Belong to meat. The average weight of these animals is up to 5 kg. Pure white. Compact torso with well developed muscles. Small head with upright ears. Developed backbone. Carcass thick without excess fat.
Rabbits of this breed are fertile and milky. They are ways to feed up to 12 babies. Rabbits grow quickly and in 3 months can weigh up to 3 kg. As there is thick wool on the sole of the paws, the content on the net is possible. Calm and balanced.New Zealand rabbits
Belong to meat. Breed got the name thanks to the long, lop-eared ears. Large breed. Body length up to 70 cm. Weight 7-8 kg. Velvet skin of different shades. Downed, strong body. Wonderful taste of meat. Rabbit late maturity. Bring on 9 rabbits. Calm down. Requires regular care of the ears.
For meat also include:
- - white giant;
- - gray giant;
- - Californian.
The popular representative of downy breed. Different color: white, black and blue. The average weight is 4 kg. Body length 55 cm. Bring 7 rabbits. Pooh combed from 700 g to 1000 g.White rabbit breed
Body weight 3 kg. The little rabbit brings up to 6 rabbits. They grow slowly. Contained mostly at home. Require maximum care for the skin. Cheerful, playful character.Angora rabbit
Belong to the meat-sandpaper breed. They have a beautiful skin and tasty, tender meat. Hardy rabbits. The bunny rabbit brings up to 8 young rabbits, which have active growth.
Have an interesting color. On a white background are specks, like the wings of butterflies. The specks of various shades: blue, yellow, black and gray. Vysokoplodovity rabbit. Great for content in the Russian climate. Beautiful skin and tasty meat.Butterfly Breed Rabbit
First of all they have a beautiful gray-blue skin. Growing fast. Bring 8 rabbits. Weight of adults from 5-8 kg.Soviet rabbit breed
Arrangement of the place of detention
In rabbit breeding there are several ways of keeping:
- According to the Mikhailov system.
And now about each method in more detail.
The patching method of content is the most ancient. This method is more close to the natural conditions, which has its pros and cons. The advantages of this method are:
- arrangement of the pit from the available materials;
- when we start several families in it, we get a large, healthy offspring;
- precocity increases;
- rare pit cleaning;
- getting healthy animals at the expense of their active lifestyle;
- there are no problems with animal health;
- saving of space, up to 200 individuals are possible in the pit 2 * 2.
With all its advantages, patching content has its drawbacks:
- infections spread to all animals;
- cleaning the pit is a complicated process;
- it is better not to breed large breeds with valuable fur in the pits;
- close relationships, animals shrink over time;
- catching an animal is difficult.
However, with the right approach to the arrangement of the pit, it is possible to use this method for breeding pets.
We choose a dry place without close groundwater. For 200 animals, a hole of 2 * 2 m is suitable. We dig at least 1.5 m deep. This is due to the fact that the animals dig horizontal minks and can dig a passage to the surface. To prevent this from happening, the walls should be strengthened with a grid, brick or slate. One wall remains open. There will be nests in it. To start the mink from the bottom of 20 cm make a recess.
Lay a 20 cm layer of sand at the bottom, and equip a grid or a batten floor from above. Cover with straw or sawdust and clean once a week.
Over the pit, it is desirable to make the roof. To prevent it from overheating, do not cover it with metal sheets. Be sure to make a pipe for air circulation.
In winter, arrange artificial lighting. Equip drinking bowls and feeders in such a way that animals have enough space for everyone. Finally, fence the place with a fence.Arranging pit for rabbits
The cellular method is the most popular among rabbit breeders. The side and rear walls are made of wooden planks. The ceiling, floor and doors are tightened with a net. In cold climates, cells are made portable. During the cold weather, they are transferred to sheds or any insulated room.
It is possible to install in several rows on each other. There are single and two sections. Two-section is used for rabbits, where one compartment is breeding, the second - aft.
Standard single cell sizes:
- length 110 cm;
- width - 60 cm;
- height - 60 cm.
- length - 150 cm;
- width - 60 cm;
- height - 60 cm.
Fatted youngsters contain up to 3 m in cages. Tight plantings are not recommended. The smaller the animals in the cage, the higher the gain.Rabbit cell content
Content in sheds - this is an improved cellular content. Cells placed in a row equipped with devices that facilitate the care of animals. Sheds arrange in one, two or three tiers on both sides of the aisle.
Arrange retractable trays for quick cell cleaning. Down the aisle, manure is taken out on carts or removed mechanically. Arranged autodrinkers. Trough with a gradual feed.
Thus, it contains from several tens to several thousand animals. Shed maintenance in most cases is used by farmers and large farms. Depending on the climate, the sheds are arranged under sheds or in closed rooms with ventilation.Shedding system
According to the Mikhailov system. The system was developed by Academician Mikhailov. This method allows you to grow rabbits in special mini - farms. It is intended for raising rabbits on an industrial scale. They may contain large livestock. At the same time serve them three - four people.
By this method, animals are kept in outdoor conditions on rabbit farms. Everything you need is in the mini farm. It is warm in the cold, cool in the heat. Animals around the clock provided with water and food.
Animals gain weight quickly and are completely healthy. They are also called Mikhailov's accelerators. Do not confuse - the accelerator is not a breed, but a rabbit raised by a special method. The cost system, because the high cost of cells, but if you make them yourself, the costs are reduced. Using the system allows you to increase the speed of three times. Next, let's see how to make cages for rabbits do-it-yourself drawings by Mikhailov.Mikhailov system
How to make a cage according to the Mikhailov method with your own hands according to a size drawing?
The farm consists of several compartments. It includes:
- - nesting;
- - for young animals;
- - exhaust hood;
- - heating for the nest;
- - feeders;
- - drinkers.
The cell is built in several tiers:
The first tier is a stand. She leans on four racks. Racks are made of strong bars. The bars of the upper tiers consist of bars.
To support the design of the frame is adapted stand. It has offices for electrical equipment and tool storage. It also has a ladder and a stool for faeces. It is better to collect it from a material that does not rust. Below are drawings of the cage for rabbits with dimensions according to the Mikhailov method.Mikhailov system drawing
On the stand is the middle tier. It is intended for walking the animals and the maternity ward. By means of racks the tier leans on a support. Dimensions racks 2 * 10 cm. On the east side of the hole is covered with a grid. In the grid is a window of 250 * 250 mm. On this tier is a trap for control and jigging, as well as shelter.
The farm is divided into several sections. Bunker feeder and avtopilok located in the compartment for walking. The slit 20 * 30 cm is made from below. It leads to pitched mines. Rejected 100 mm to the right. This is combined with the lower compartment on the first floor. The flooring is inclined at 45 °. From rats there is a protection from metal strips.
There are 2 * 45 cm of slats at the bottom. Pooles fall down into the gaps and the cage is always clean.
The design provides a pipe for ventilation. Due to this, gases do not accumulate inside.
In the nest compartment door is made, which reclines. When it is open, it turns out the table for working with kids. In this compartment is a solid floor. It is slightly lower in level. Exterior walls are insulated. Laz is closed with a view from the south.
Since the queen cell is removable, there are gaps on the sides. So that animals do not penetrate this hole, they are covered with plates. The valve that blocks the nest is better to make a metal one. The door is made of wood.
At the top tier are growing up rabbits. For the male made a separate section. She stands for the frame.
The water tank is located between the compartments on the front wall. Moisture enters it automatically from other tanks that are located outside on the wall of the walking area. So that the water in the cold time was warm is provided by a heated reboiler.
Near the trough there is a bunker feeder. The utilizer is added to it. When rabbits rake hay, crumbs are poured into it. Crumbs can be used again. Top trough folding. When you need to put another portion of feed, it opens.
For hay and root crops, feeders are located between floors. Heavy feed cover pushed down.
Difficult construction, but building one with your own hands, the rest will be easy to do. After you try it in your work, transfer the other animals to such cells. Indeed, in such cells it is easy to work with animals, and they in turn feel great.
Let's talk more about the organization of the rabbit farm.
For its construction does not need any special permission. The main thing is the availability of a plot of land and a ready business plan with calculations. It is important that this site is located at some distance from residential buildings, ask the local authorities about this. With that - this applies to farms, and not the household for 10-20 heads.
Choose a place for a farm on any elevation or slope. После того, как расчистите весь участок, его нужно заасфальтировать или забетонировать. Так же сделайте систему отвода воды.
Кстати стоит помнить, что кролики могут болеть. И нужно знать причины вздутия живота у кролей, симптомы миксоматоза и кокцидиоза.
Для того, чтобы получать около 1000 тушек мяса в год площадь фермы составит примерно 1000 кв.м земли. Что на участке расположить:
- Шед - 3 шт (360 кв.м).
- Aft shops mandatory access by car to it (200 square meters).
- Sheds where inventory and building materials are stored (50 sq.m).
- Room for slaughterhouse and refrigerators (50 sq.m).
- Manure collector (30 square meters).
- Passages for the passage of mini tractors.
The use of sheds saves time for maintenance and building materials. We install two tiers of cells. On the back walls make windows 20 * 100 cm.
- length 20 m;
- height 2 m 40 cm;
- passage width 1 m 40 cm.
The cages are as shown below, then separated for males, females and young.
- length 1 m 30 cm;
- width 70 cm;
- front wall height 55 cm;
- rear wall height 40 cm.
The slope of the roof is made for the convenience of cleaning manure. Such pallets do for all tiers.
In the manufacture of cells use galvanized mesh with a cell size of 18 * 18, 20 * 20, 16 * 48 mm.
Mesh haystacks are installed between the cells. Drinkers and feeders are installed under the manger. For females, the cells are divided into nesting and aft compartment.
In such a shed is placed 60 cells. During the year it is possible to grow 400 or more heads of young stock.
On the farm you need a feed shop. In this room are stored feed, grain and grain crusher. You can also put a granulator and prepare feed with your own hands.
Separately, place a shed for storing inventory and building materials.
Slaughterhouse and refrigerators
Mass slaughter easier to do in special rooms. Therefore, at the farm, put the slaughterhouse. It is better if you attach it to a room with refrigerators. The slaughterhouse should be equipped with blood and the stove. A stove will be required for burning waste (legs, heads, insides, and unwanted pelts). Thus, a continuous process takes place: slaughtering, cutting, packaging and freezing. How to score a rabbit, read a separate article.Rabbit Farm Massacre
Do not forget about the manure. Equip a manure pit on the farm. It should be in the farthest corner. As far as possible from rabbits and slaughter. The walls of the pit should be concreted. The depth of the pit is not less than 3 m. The length is arbitrary.
And now consider the complete business - the process of breeding rabbits.
Since we breed rabbits for meat, we also choose breeds for meat. Not bad, and even such breeds are successfully divorced and paid off: white giant, gray giant, silver or black brown, flandry, Soviet chinchilla, Californian, butterfly, ram, and there are several other breeds.
With proper care for 3-4 months carcass weight from 2-3 kg. Early and prolific breeds. Soviet chinchilla wonderful mother. The character is calm and capable of taking strangers.
Purchase farm animals from reputable farms. If you can visit the agricultural exhibition, where you can choose a supplier.
The young when buying must be vaccinated against infectious diseases. Since rabbits are stressful animals, they need to be supplied with antidepressants or with vitamin B6, which acts as an antidepressant, when they are transported without problems.
How to organize feeding on the farm?
If someone thinks that rabbits can be fed with hay and grass alone, it is deeply mistaken. For success in business, they need a complete feed, and without feeding with grain-fed feed, it will not work.
Rabbit food intake, daily dose in grams:
- Meadow grass - 1500;
- Legumes - 1200;
- Branches - 600;
- Plant beet 200;
- Cabbage leaves (should be given with caution) 600;
- Carrots 600;
- Fodder beet 200;
- Sugar beet 600;
- Turnip 400;
- Boiled potatoes 400;
- Raw Potato 150;
- Silo 300;
- Hay 300;
- Cereal grain 150;
- Bean grain 50;
- Oilseeds 20;
- Bran 100;
- Oil cakes 100;
- Meat and bone meal 15;
- Salt 2.5;
- Chalk 2.
Try to adhere to these rules. Overfeeding animals should not be.
To make it easier to navigate how much feed you need per year, see the following figures, kg.Organization of the process of feeding rabbits
To females and males during the rest period:
- concentrates 3.50;
- hay 1.20;
- root crops 3.25;
- green feed 4.50.
To females and males in this period:
- concentrates 4.20;
- hay 1.50;
- root crops 3.8;
- green feed 5.6.
- concentrates 17;
- hay 6;
- root vegetables 16;
- green food 23.
- concentrates 62;
- hay 21;
- root vegetables 57;
- green feed 83.
- concentrates 10;
- hay 3.20;
- root vegetables 12.
In the morning the animals are given juicy and green feeds. For lunch and evening - concentrates. Drinking fresh water should be constantly.
Breeding rabbits is an important process in rabbit breeding. Spend it according to the scheme. In the sheds, the upper tier is occupied by females and one male. In the rest of the cells, the young are seated.
Each rabbit gives 3 around: in spring, summer and autumn. It turns out about 25 kids. Rabbits under the female sit up to two months of age. A total of 300 heads are fed to fattening. Consider that waste for one reason or another is inevitable. They are freely placed in the remaining cells.Breeding rabbits
3 sheds of 60 cells each make 3 * 300 = 900 heads per year.
Keep breeding stock for pure breeding does not make sense. The output is expensive content. It's easier to buy a few heads of young stock for livestock repair.
Fattening feed rabbits, as you know, is expensive. It is impossible to grow grain. To reduce the rate of feeding can not be. Therefore, it is better to produce feed independently.
To do this ponabitsya grain crusher and granulator. Rabbit pellets are eaten willingly.
Some recipes of granules. Option for all:
- oats, wheat 30;
- barley, corn 45;
- wheat bran 12;
- cake 12;
- chalk 0.5;
- salt 0.5.
Option for young:
- oats, wheat 40;
- barley, corn 45;
- cake 8;
- meat and bone meal 6;
- fish meal 6;
- chalk 0.5;
- salt 0.5.
Option for all:
- oats, wheat 31;
- barley, corn 32;
- wheat bran 15;
- cake 15;
- meat and bone meal 3;
- fish meal 3;
- hydrolysis yeast 2;
- bone meal 1;
- salt 1.
Also brings great savings harvesting hay. But in