Fascinating and profitable occupation is breeding and keeping domestic chickens. But they may have pathologies and diseases for which prevention can be carried out. If it still appeared disease symptoms, then it is necessary to establish the diagnosis correctly and to engage in surgical treatment.
Chicken Disease Symptoms
May be a symptom of a viral infection (infectious rhinitis, tuberculosis, cold, infectious bronchitis, mycoplasmosis). Symptoms are treated by warming chicken coops, watering birds with a decoction of nettle, and inhalations. Infectious chicken bronchitis is eliminated with disinfectants (aluminum iodide, Glutek aerosol, Lugol's solution, chlorine cypidar). Antibiotics are also used.Chicken disease
May appear when infected with wormstherefore, a parasite remedy should be given. If birds do not have worms, then prophylactic therapy is carried out. Cough can be a symptom of hypothermia, infectious bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, mycoplasmosis, colibacillosis. In addition to bronchitis, coughing may indicate other pathologies. Often a cough appears when new individuals enterthat are infected with the infection. Treatment Methods - nettle decoction or inhalation with drugs. Assign tetracycline, furazalidone, which is added to drinking water.
Wheezing is not typical for breathing healthy chickens. Often they occur with colds and bronchial diseases (bronchopneumonia, infectious bronchitis), colibacteriosis. The hen is breathing heavily, wet and dry rales appear in the region of the sternum.
Diarrhea in birds
It can manifest itself as a result of a cold, poor quality food, gastritis, stress, pulllose, worms, coccidiosis, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis, bird flu. It is possible for the hens to have a nervous breakdown when frightened, changing their surroundings and can pass in a day. If the bird began to cough with colds due to hypothermia, it is transferred to a warm room. Low-quality feed is excluded. For the treatment of malaise should accurately determine the diagnosis, it is impossible to prescribe self-medication.
Have birds runny nose may appear as a result of defeat by pathogenic fungi, bacteria, worms, coccidiosis and other serious pathologies (infectious bronchitis, smallpox, fodder diphtheria). The cause of the appearance of pathology there may be a lack of vitamin A, a change in diet, a change in temperature, poor ventilation.
Diseases of the feet of chickens: growths on the legs, lameness, and more
There are many causes of leg diseases in chickens.. With the wrong content, lack of space, reduced mobility, because of which the locomotor system is disturbed and chickens begin to limp. Pathologies of the legs include gout, curvature of the fingers, joint disease (tendovanginitis, arthritis and arthrosis), knemidocoptosis. Also a symptom may be a sign of salmonellosis.
Why chickens can go blind
The bird can go blind as a result of lesions of sinusitis, panophthalmitis, conjunctival inflammation. To eliminate this symptom, antibiotic treatment is prescribed.
Infectious diseases, signs and methods of treatment
Many bird diseases are easier to prevent than to cure. Why chickens can still get sick? It is recommended to create suitable conditions for chickens with optimal care.. They are provided with the correct temperature and light conditions, timely food, and chicken coop hygiene. But even in excellent conditions of detention there is no absolute protection against the appearance of pathologies. Most infections develop as a result of stress, lack of movement, metabolic disturbances and daily regimen. The health of chickens is also subject to change under the change of climate zone.
To preserve health and prevent infections, the chicken coop must be kept clean and its own hygiene must be monitored. It is important to correctly identify the symptoms of diseases for the correct treatment of infections..
Pathology is manifested in adults and young birds, manifested by disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. The bacteria that cause the infection are transmitted by airborne droplets from infected eggs and sick individuals. Manifests itself profuse diarrhea, great thirst, lack of appetite, general weakness, and frequent breathing. Pullor antigen is used to determine the disease. When determining the exact causative agent, antibiotics are prescribed. (neomycin, biomitsin) and isolation from healthy individuals.Neomycin
Manifested in young and adult individuals in the form of heat, thirst and lethargy. Infection affects the airways, resulting in wheezing that will increase with movement. But pathology is not always detected by wheezing, expert help may be required. The causative agent is E. coli.affecting internal organs.
After determining the diagnosis, treatment is prescribed. - penicillin, biomitsin or terramycin is introduced, multivitamins are added to the feed, only nutritious and fresh grain is recommended.Chicken vaccination
Pathology manifests itself in wild and domestic birds. The pathogen for a long time can be in feed, water, manure, transmitted to healthy individuals from infected. Prevention - do regular cleaning and disinfection of the house.
The symptom of pathology is blue scallop and earrings, lethargy, lack of appetite, great thirst, disorder of digestive functions, high temperature and the formation of mucus in the nose. In the acute form of pathology swelling or curvature of the joints of the paws may appear.Pasteurellosis in chickens
The basis of treatment includes the use of sulfa drugs and adding them to feed, water. Also, birds are given vitamins E, B, A and fresh greens. If untreated, the livestock dies.
Basically manifested in young individuals in the form of conjunctivitis, lameness, difficulty breathing, high tearing. With the running form of the disease chickens fall on their side and die. It is necessary not to postpone treatment with antibiotics (sulfonamide, chlortetracycline, chloramphenicol), adding small dosages to the feed for about 2 weeks.
Newcastle disease (pseudotum)
Pathology is characterized by acute dysfunction of the nervous system, digestive organs. Transmitted from birds and animals that were previously sick., through their water, feed and droppings, is not treatable. After the defeat of the birds, their death is observed, which can destroy all individuals.
Chicken PoxChicken Pox
Most often affects young birds manifested by growths, pock marks on the skin in the area of the cloaca or head. At first they have a yellow tint, but gradually darken. In the absence of immediate treatment, the growths can coalesce, increasing in size. They begin to bleed, harden and dry.
Helminthic parasites in birds, how to treat
Worms (helminth parasites) exist and feed at the expense of the carrier. Almost all diseases of birds are associated with worms, since everywhere there are their larvae. The main symptoms of pathology include weakness, indigestion, lack of appetite and severe weight loss. Helminth Treatment similar to the use of preventive measures. At the same time in the house they bring cleanliness, choose high-quality and fresh food, special preparations.
Non-contagious diseases, home treatment
Sometimes poultry can be subject to diseases that are not contagious. But from them there is no less harm than with the defeat of infections. They do not have a specific pathogen and are mainly interrelated with inappropriate care of chickens, the wrong choice of feed, mechanical injuries, and injuries.
Atonia goiter in laying hens
Pathology is manifested only in layers.due to an irregular or unbalanced diet, poor quality of the compounds that can accumulate in the goiter, forming an obstruction. The disease is easily determined by palpation of the goiter, which sags for a long time and is dense. In the absence of immediate assistance, the chicken instantly and abruptly dies., as the goiter obstructs the jugular vein and respiratory tract.Atonia goiter in chickens
One of the methods of treatment is the use of a probe.in which a couple of milliliters of vegetable oil is dripped, a solid goiter is massaged and the bird is turned upside down, gradually removing the contents. After the procedure, it is advisable to pour a solution of potassium permanganate into the goiter.
Gastroenteritis (intestinal flu)
Manifested as a result of feeding low-quality feed, late feeding. With the appearance of pathology, weakness, indigestion and loss of appetite appear in birds. For the prevention and treatment of the disease, they eliminate the causes; fast-digestible food, laxatives and antibiotics are introduced into the diet.
This is a simple indigestion that occurs in young individuals who are 21 days old. The reason for the violation is the use of coarse and poorly digestible food, poor quality and polluted water. It can be acute and chronic, characterized by high fever, lack of appetite, abdominal distension, cramps and diarrhea. Eliminate the pathology of a diet with products that do not lead to rotting and fermentation.
The disease manifests itself in individuals that feed on feeds with a lack of vitamins and mineral salts. Provocateur development pathology is inappropriate keeping birds. From cloacitis often sick layers, which suffer from a decrease in mass, number of eggs, intestinal upset. When treating the hen, it is necessary to separate the herd from the herd, wash the inflamed zones of the cloaca with a solution of rivanol and lubricate it with a special compound.
Bronchopneumonia or pneumonia
Appears in violation of the care of chickens. Pathology is manifested in young individuals under the age of 20 weeks with hypothermia. Symptoms are low mobility, wheezing and loss of appetite. For treatment, antibiotics are used in individual dosages.
Keratoconjunctivitis - eye disease, how to cure
The disease affects a bird in barns, where there is no timely cleaning of litter and cleaning. Fresh litter is a source of ammonia, which fumes penetrate the bronchial passages and cause eye inflammation. Pathology can be identified by wet, dirty plumage, watery eyes, yellow clusters on the eyelids. When the pathogen is eliminated, the sheds clear the droppings and treat the eyes with chamomile decoction.Keratoconjunctivitis in chickens
Often the disease manifests itself in laying hens contained in cages, for which the mixtures are used to feed. Symptoms of vitamin deficiencies are lack of weight, conjunctivitis, loss of feathers, weakness.
Insect diseases, what to do?
Diseases caused by insects, refer to a separate section. Due to the variety of symptoms, it is not possible to make a definite diagnosis, therefore the treatment of pathologies is difficult.
- Lice peroedy. Parasites damage feather rods, leaving small holes in them, so chickens begin to itch and shed. For the treatment of the pathogen apply the treatment of aerosols and wood ash.
- Fleas. If fleas appear in nests, then the hens become restless, unwilling to sit on the clutches. It should be insecticidal treatment of the chicken coop, regularly change the litter.
- Pliers. The symptom of their appearance is the loss of feathers. It is impossible to fight ticks and chickens should be killed.
- Lice or bugs. Parasites live in nests, chicken coops and the bodies of birds, feeding on their blood. To eliminate insectspoultry houses are regularly treated with chlorophos, karbofos.
- Chickens may also be affected. ringworm, aspergillosis.
If you do not want to lose chickens, then you should periodically take preventive measures, separating sick individuals from healthy ones, destroying those who cannot be cured. Once in 30 days the house should be treated with disinfectants. Birds should be provided with proper care, a balanced diet.