Tomato is a thermophilic plant. In the climatic conditions of Russia is not easy to get a bountiful harvest of this nightshade. But there are new varieties that abundantly bear fruit in greenhouses. One of them is tomato Evpator, and below we will tell about its merits and give a description and description of the variety.
Characteristics and description of tomato Eupator F1
Tomato Evpator is hybrid indeterminant stem F1 grade. The bush is not limited in growth. This unique plant is in demand gardeners, farmers. Height up to 140 - 180 cm.
Recommended for growing in greenhouses, greenhouses. You can grow in open ground. But high yields can be achieved only with a closed type of planting.
it medium early tomato. From planting seeds to the first fruits - 100-110 days. Resistant to diseases, pests. Does not tolerate strong winds. Suitable for cultivation on an industrial scale.The average weight of fruits of a grade - 150 grams
In greenhouse conditions, high-yielding - from 1 m2 it is possible to get up to 40 kg tomato. The color of the tomatoes is red. Form - rounded, slightly elongated. The peel is smooth, even. Average weight 150 grams. Suitable for fresh consumption, preservation.
Tomatoes are self-pollinated plants, that is, the process takes place without the participation of insects. On one flower there are female, male reproductive organs. In order for pollination to occur naturally, in the greenhouses, greenhouses must be vented. The air flow helps in this. Sometimes resorted to manual pollination.
In hybrid varieties impossible to procure seeds. They do not retain varietal characteristics in the 2nd generation. They need to be bought every year in specialized stores.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the variety:
- high yield;
- simultaneous ripening;
- disease resistance;
- average size of tomatoes;
- short period of ripening;
- pleasant taste.
- it is necessary to cut frequently;
- need to tie up to a peg;
- You can not independently prepare the seeds for planting.
It is the work of Russian breeders. He was taken out by the workers of the agrofirm "Gavrish". In 2008, he was registered as a new variety.
Harvest amount independent of location. With proper care, he will be pleased with a large number of fruits in any region.
Planting seeds is carried out 45 days before landing in closed ground. In central Russia in March. Timing depends on the region.
The soil must be selected light, nutritious. It is recommended to treat with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, boiling water. This will get rid of the fit-breakers.Tomato seeds Evpator F1
Soil should be at room temperature. Before planting, it is recommended to keep it in a warm room for 1-2 weeks. Seeds do not need processing. If desired, you can put them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then rinse with water.
Seeds are planted as follows:
- make a deep groove 1 cm;
- into her one by one put the seeds. Distance - 2 - 3 cm. Fall asleep ground. The distance between the grooves - 3-4 cm;
- box on top covered with a film. Put in a warm place;
- picking (transplanting) into separate pots - after the appearance of 2 true leaves;
- top dressing - 1 time complex fertilizers;
Transplant to the greenhouse
Before planting in the greenhouse seedlings need temper. To do this, it is periodically brought to a permanent place of growth. It is necessary to carry out crop rotation. Tomatoes can not be planted every year in the same place.
Transplantation into the greenhouse is carried out when the danger of frost has passed. For central Russia - the beginning of June.Transplanting seedlings in the greenhouse is carried out in early June
Instructions for landing
- Ground digging. Depth - not less than 20 cm.
- Tomatoes are planted in rows. Distance - 60 cm.
- The soil should be hydrated.
- Dig holes. Make a fertilizer. In the greenhouse, the distance between the bushes should be at least 25 cm.
- Place the root of the plant in the hole. Fall asleep ground.
Top dressing - 1.5 weeks after disembarkation complex fertilizers, ammonium nitrate. Based on 1 tablespoon of the drug for 1 bucket of water. Under 1 bush - 0.7 liters of fluid.
The second feeding - 1.5 weeks after the first. For this use chicken droppings.
- Watering - as needed.
- Loosening - after each watering.
- During flowering greenhouse should be aired.
- The air temperature should be 24-28 degrees.
Fruiting until frosttherefore at the end of summer the top of the stem should be removed. This is done to ensure that the plant ceases to grow the leaves, and all the forces allowed to ripen fruits. The flowers that appeared at this time do not yield crops.Grade Evpator fruits until frost
Further care is to:
- tying to a peg.
The last 2 procedures are performed as the bush grows.
Watering should be plentiful but not frequent. The ground under the bush should always be wet. In the greenhouse - no more than once a week. Sucked, warm water. Water should not touch the foliage.
Masking is done in the morning, in the evening. So wounds heal faster. Most fruits can be obtained with a growth of 1 stem. To do this, remove all stepchildren.
Evpator is not limited in growth. Tall Garter required to the peg. Under the weight of tomatoes, the stem may break off.
- phosphate preparations.
Picks - after the formation of 2 true sheets of seedlings.
Forming a bush
Evpator - strongly tomatoe tomato. In order for the fruits to be in the sun, and not in the shade of the leaves, the bush needs to be formed. For this variety is characterized by the formation of a large number of stepsons. They must be removed regularly.
Tomato form into one stem. This means that you want to leave 1 stalk. All the rest is removed. The top of the plant can be removed. After these procedures, it will not be strongly branched, stretched.
Features of fruiting
The first tomatoes get after 110 days after the emergence of shoots. From one bush you can get up to 6 kg tomatoes
The taste is a little sour. Good for preservation. The small size allows you to salt them in general. When pouring hot water do not crack. Well tolerated transportation. Long stored. Great for growing in farms.
Diseases and pests
Considered disease resistant. But it can hit:
- dry spotting;
- caterpillar scoop;
In order to "treat" the bush you need:
- rip affected tomatoes;
- reduce watering;
- reduce the amount of nitrogen fertilizers.
For prevention spend copper spraying. This is done 3 times, before the formation of fruits. At defeat of a bush it is necessary to use fungicides, insecticides.
Tomato Evpator is an excellent hybrid variety, both for home use and for sale. It has a good presentation and is easy to store. He is invulnerable to many diseases. It has good taste.