Corn - the queen - of the fields, her yellow cobs with seeds, similar to small suns, remind of summer, the sea coast, where from morning to evening street vendors offer sweet boiled corn of different varieties with baklava honey.
They grow it in garden plots and not only to enjoy the summer, but also for freezing, canning for the winter.
The best varieties and types of corn for growing from seeds
Corn takes third place after grains and rice in the ranking of food and agricultural products. By law, it is considered a bread culture. After all, she feeds not only people, but also animals. Breeders derive new types of seeds, focusing on the sugar content of the cobs and increased yields.
Consider the top 10 corn species.
Bonduelle Corn Varieties does not exist. This is the name of the company producing a variety of canned vegetables and frozen vegetables.
On the Russian market, the most popular is the sweet corn of the brand "Bonduel". The main trading facilities of Bonduel-Kuban in Russia are located in the Krasnodar Territory.
On the southern steppe expanses cultivated varieties of sweet corn Spirit and Bonusused to make so favorite canned food.
Dobrynya is a vegetable of early ripening, first harvest ready for harvest in 2-2.5 months after seed germination. Srednerosly plant reaches a height of 1.7 m, cobs begin to form at a height of 0.7 m.Dobrynya
Dobrynya refers to very sweet sugar varieties of corn. Cobs reach sizes 25 * 5.5 (diameter and width) and consist of 16-18 rows of grains.
Harvesting for fresh consumption, preservation and freezing is carried out in the phase of milky ripeness. For the processing of grain into cereals, flour, and starch, they are collected in cabbages after yellowing and drying the cobs.
Gourmand variety of early the period of ripening, from the moment of emergence of seedlings to the first product, it takes only 75-80 days. Plant height from 1.45 m to 1.8 m.
Fruits grow to a length of 22 cm, the number of rows in the cob 18-20. The weight of sweet juicy fruits reaches 170-250 gr. Grains of bright yellow color of the extended form.Gourmand
It is appreciated for the excellent taste, which is preserved after processing into canned food and freezing. Gourmand is high-yielding corn variety, well resistant to downy mildew.
Corn of this species is a plant of early ripening period - 90 days. The low power growth hybrid is well resistant to fungal diseases.
Cobs are small, reach a length of 19 cm, juicy with a pleasant melting texture of boiled grains. It is used for preservation and freezing.Early gold
Hybrid average the period of ripening, the period from the moment of emergence of shoots to the receipt of marketable products is 90-100 days. The plant is up to 2.1 m high, the size of the cobs reaches a length of 22 cm. The grains are large, golden yellow very sweet and delicate in taste.
Stable high-yielding and productive Spirit resistant to fungal, viral diseases and rot. The hybrid is used in a boiled form and is suitable for preservation.
Ice hectares are varieties late the period of fruiting (130-140 days). The plant is up to 1.8 m high and cobs 20-25 cm long. Grains of a white-cream color are juicy and very sugary.Ice Nectar
Ice hectare is one of the sweetest among all varieties and hybrids. It can be eaten even raw. Hybrid is yield leader.
Sundance is a grade with early ripening period (70-90 days). A short stunted plant reaches a height of not more than 1.5 m. The diameter of the cob is 5.5 cm and the length is not more than 20 cm. Bright yellow, slightly elongated grains of medium size and good taste.
The hybrid is used for fresh consumption (cooking) and preservation.Sundance
Corn Pioneer is a variety average ripening period. The period of receiving the first product is 100-110 days. The plant is resistant to adverse growing conditions that do not affect its yield.
Corn of this agricultural variety is used for livestock feed: for grain and silage.Pioneer
Syngenta hybrid average ripening period (up to 110 days). The Dutch hybrid differs in high efficiency and productivity. Disease resistance is high.
Corn reaches a height of 1.8 m. Cobs up to 20 cm in size are stuffed with pale yellow grains in 16-18 rows. The cobs in milky ripeness are juicy and tender. Recommended for fresh consumption.
Jubili is a high-yielding hybrid average ripening period (80-100 days). A tall plant can reach a height of 2.5-2.8 m, tightly stuffed with grains of pearl yellow cob up to 23 cm in length. Grains have a thin skin and a delicate sweet taste.
High yieldingDisease-resistant, versatile grade. Suitable for cooking and for preservation, behaves well after defrosting.Jubili
Features of growing
- Corn is grown only in well-lit, sunny areas. For good yields with high-quality cobs, the soil must be fertile, well-fertilized and slightly acidic.
- Sowing seeds produced at soil temperature not less than +10 degrees. Depth of seeding into the soil is 6-8 cm. To obtain earlier products, the plant is grown through seedlings, and the seeds are sown in March or April.
- After the appearance of 3-4 leaves of the plant thin outleaving between plants up to 0.5-0.7 m.
- Be sure to earthing up plants in order to avoid their lodging.
- Harvesting is carried out upon reaching the ears of milky or milky-wax ripeness.
Do not deny yourself the pleasure to grow these "rays of sunshine" on your land.
Besides the fact that you enjoy the pleasure of eating corn, it is also a natural support for lingering plants: cucumbers, climbing beans.