Growing tomatoes in the garden for any gardener is a fascinating and informative process. There is an opportunity to experiment and bring something more, more rational. It is even more interesting to try cultivating a vegetable right on the windowsill of a house.. Among the wide range of varieties of many varieties of dwarf plants. One of these representatives is Tomato Bonsai, the description and characteristics of which are presented below.
Description and characteristics of tomato bonsai
The Bonsai variety (Banzai) is distinguished by the small size of a bush, whose height barely reaches half a meter (usually 25-35 cm). This gives the ability to grow fruits at home (on the windowsill, balcony). However, the possibility of cultivation in the open field is not excluded. Agrotechnics does not contain difficult conditions, there is no need for stading. Vegetation - 85-90 days.Room variety of tomato bonsai
The appearance of the bush has an aesthetic value, a beautiful overlap of green with red dots adds to the design of natural features. However, in addition to the beauty of the fruit have excellent taste. The yield of the variety is high, 1-1.7 kg of tomatoes are removed from one bush. The average weight of a tomato is 35-55 grams; a good tomato flavor is noted during tasting. Vegetable is ideal for different salads, saturate the dish with freshness or become an ornament.
Advantages and disadvantages
Growing tomatoes Bonsai has several advantages:
- high yield, about 2 kg of fruits can be collected from a compact bush;
- the plant brings natural freshness to the interior thanks to beautiful shapes and color contrasts (thick greens are literally covered with small red tomatoes);
- simple agrotechnology, the bush does not need to be tied up;
- from planting to harvest It takes about 98 days;
- You can eat vegetables at the time when tomatoes have long been harvested from the beds;
- the place for culture is chosen well lit, but whether it will be shading or direct sunlight does not matter.
The main advantage of the variety lies in the possibility of cultivating it both at home and in the open field.
There are no obvious flaws in bonsai, except that the plant is slightly capricious to watering. The peculiarity of crops grown on the windowsill is the difficulty of creating favorable conditions with centralized heating.
Planted seeding at the end of February or early March. When the seedling reaches the age of 55 days, you can prepare for a transplant. It is usually performed in early May, but given that the culture is grown at home, the time allowed to shift by 2-4 weeks.
Soil preparation for tomatoesPeat ground for growing tomatoes
The soil for tomatoes should not be heavy, as an option to use a universal substrate from the hardware store. A self-prepared mixture of the following components is also suitable:
- fertile soil;
- wood ash;
- river sand.
After thorough mixing the soil needs to be decontaminated weak potassium permanganate solution.
Seed preparation for planting
Many gardeners are of the opinion that the seeds of hybrids bought in bags do not need special preparation. Disinfecting seed should be in cases of acquiring it from strangers.Bonsai Tomato Seed Packaging
Routine preparation includes moistening the seeds and wrapping them in a damp napkin. After 1-2 days the seeds will be ready for planting.
Seeds are laid in boxes with a moistened soil mixture. Works are planned for February - March. Filled containers even a few days before seeding watered with warm water. This should be done in small portions by spraying. The grains are buried in the ground by 0.8-1 cm, the surface is slightly powdered with earth, the top is covered with film or glass. In a plastic cup to put more than 2-3 seeds is not worth it. Shoots appear after 5-6 days. Of the sprouts that appear, they leave one of the strongest, which must then be pinned.Shoots of tomato bonsai in pots
Ready seedlings should be transplanted into separate pots, the capacity of which is 5-7 liters. At the bottom of the containers used should be drainage holes, which will ensure that the excess moisture from the soil. Approximately the fourth part of the hill is filled with expanded clay or other drainage, after which the soil mix is poured. Before planting seedlings need to moisten the hole.
In addition to home growing some gardeners planted seedlings in open ground. Seeding is performed in early March. In small plastic cups filled with a moistened substrate, put 3 seeds and cover the surface with film. In 55-60 days the seedlings will be ready for transplantation, this period falls on the end of May. For early harvest should be planted in early May, but the beds must be covered with foil to protect against frost. When disembarking a scheme is used: 70x30 cm (7-9 plants per 1m2). The bed must be well lit, without shading.
Features care and cultivation varieties
To install the pot is better to pick up the window sill from the south or south-east side. This will provide the plant with good light. With a lack of light, it is recommended to install fluorescent lamps.
It is enough to water the crop once a week, leaves may turn yellow or fungus from an abundance of moisture. When the air temperature rises, the number of procedures increases up to 2-3 times a week. Before the flowering period, foliage can be additionally sprayed with water at room temperature.When watering bonsai tomato is prohibited to use cold water.
At the stage of gaining strength, the plant needs nitrogen fertilizers, and in the formation of fruits, potash fertilizers. During the growing season, 3-4 supplements are administered.
Pasonovka grade bonsai does not require. However, to increase the yield should be before the flowering to remove the top of the stem.
The plant copes with pollination on its own, but it will be helpful. For this, it is enough to shake the branches slightly during the flowering period every 3-4 days. It will not be superfluous to water after the procedure so that the pollen sprouts on the stigma of the pistil.Tomato Bonsai has both male and female sex cells, so it does not require artificial pollination.
A beautiful colored bush on the windowsill will not only decorate the home, but also allow you to enjoy the taste of fresh tomatoes in late autumn or even in winter.