Every year, the owners of summer cottages solve the difficult task of choosing between one or another kind of vegetable. What will give the greatest harvest, and even to the cucumber differed excellent taste. Among the recent inventions of breeders stands out the variety of cucumbers Siberian garland f1. In terms of simplicity of cultivation and yield, it compares favorably with other brethren., with proper formation of the bush gives the ovary in the form of bunches or bouquets.
What is a grade
Breeders from Chelyabinsk a few years ago brought a new culture. From one plant you can get fruits in the amount of 40 kg. A characteristic feature of the presence of beam ovaries and early harvest - the first cucumbers appear 45 days after the shoots appear.Fruits are tied with bunches.
The yield index depends on the timely removal of ripe cucumbers. If you follow all the rules, you can get vegetables before the first frost. Cucumbers are dark green in color, up to 8 cm in length, the tips are painted more lightly. Soft thorns exfoliate the whole fruit. Taste is sweet, aromatic.. Ideal for use in fresh salad or for blanks. Bitterness is absent at the genetic level. The variety is distinguished by endurance, tolerates cold and drought. It is immune to the following ailments:
- powdery mildew;
- brown spot;
- tobacco mosaic;
Proper planting lights
Planting is done in two ways: seedlings and seed.
Getting seedlingsCucumber Seedlings
Take a good harvest will not work without high-quality, strong seedlings. Works begin in the last days of the first spring month. In pre-prepared containers with fertile soil fit seed. The depth of the holes is 2 cm. Then, glass or film is used to cover the future seedlings. The containers are placed in a place with bright light and a constant temperature not lower than +25 degrees. Watering is carried out every 3-4 days. The first shoots will appear after 7 days.
With the formation of the first sprouts of covering material, it is necessary to remove, but not sharply, but gradually. Every day, the film is removed for 7-10 minutes, so that by the time the first sheet is formed, it can be removed completely.
The seedling of one month of age is ready for moving to the main place of residence - the garden.
Seed plantingCucumber seeds soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate
Growing from seed is the easiest way.All you need is to plant the seeds in the garden. Prior to this, it is recommended to perform several non-burdensome actions that will improve the germination in the future:
- the seeds are put in warm water and left for 24 hours (if some seeds pop up, then they can be safely thrown away);
- processing takes place weak manganese solution;
- wait for the seeds to germinate;
- need to plant carefully without damaging the root;
- make holes in the ground to a depth of 1.5 cm, keep between each distance of 70 cm, and the next row should not be located closer than 15 cm;
- at the time of landing the average temperature of the soil is about +15 degrees.
The seedling is pulled out of the pot, it is not necessary to shake it off the ground and sink into the hole, so that not real leaves are in the soil. Earth cautious ramming. Before and after landing abundant watering is necessary. If the beds were not prepared in advance (this will be discussed below), you need to add a handful of ash and urea in the amount of 5 g.
Covering material is used to preserve heat outside..
We are engaged in soil preparation
For the Siberian garland need a place with a light penumbra. Hot sun leads to poor growth, quick drying of plants and a small amount of fruit. The lack of natural protection (shading trees, buildings or a fence) is no reason to refuse planting a crop. It is very easy to build a small shed by yourself. A little trick. Next to cucumbers, sunflowers or corn are planted, which will provide shading.
Creating a cucumber bed is worth doing in the fall. Garbage of plant origin is placed on the chosen place - fine straw, trimmed branches, fallen leaves. The layer can reach 12 cm. Above you need to lay in the same amount of cow dung, cover with foil and leave for the winter. When doing spring work, fill in the humus.
Spring preparation of beds will require the introduction of mineral dressings. In the selected area, the soil is loosened, laid with rotted organic matter or compost. From above they are filled with nitrophoska in dry form and sifted with wood ash, then the turn of the soil layer begins. Finally, the bed is watered, covered with film and left in this form for 10 days.
How to care for cucumbers after planting
Habitual to all vegetable growers actions are as follows:
- timely watering and mulching of the soil;
- introduction of dressings;
- the formation of culture and garter on the trellis.
What you need to know about watering
The lack of water will have a negative effect on the vegetable crop. Watering should be regular. With strong heat, this procedure becomes daily. The rest of the time, as needed, and not waiting until the earth begins to dry. The most favorable watering hours are morning ones. It is recommended to use warm, distilled water. Allowed to organize drip irrigation, but the sprinkler installation can not be used. A layer of mulch in 10 cm under each bush will help to keep moisture.Simple drip irrigation
How to apply fertilizer
The Siberian garland needs frequent dressing to ensure a bountiful harvest. You can opt for chemical means or folk, then each owner decides for himself. It is recommended to apply fertilizer once in 7 days and at the same time change their composition. Before the procedure, the plants are abundantly watered.to avoid damage to the delicate root system.
Formation of garlands
The bush must be properly formed, otherwise you can not wait for all the promised miracles from the Siberian garland in terms of yield. The plant is formed by a single stem.. At the lower nodes it is necessary to remove all stepsons along with the ovaries. One shoot is left, on which there are leaves and ovaries in each nodule.
After the bush grows to 2 meters, you can not pinch it, but allow it to form independently, twisting around the trellis.
About diseases and pests
As mentioned above, the Siberian garlands have immunity to the most common ailments in vegetable crops. Often the summer resident is faced with the appearance of one or another species of rot and harmful insects.
- With education gray rot must destroy all affected parts of the plant. Rub into the cut, but very carefully bluestone, mixed with wood ash. Specially developed remedies are used as preventive measures.
- From melon aphid help to protect plants with a sharp, smell: hot pepper, tobacco leaves, onion or garlic arrows. All this is crushed, mixed with water. The resulting solution is used for processing cucumbers. If it came to the invasion of the insect, it is necessary to use insecticides.
- WITH spider mite It is useless to fight with folk remedies, therefore the treatment is carried out with acaricides. After harvesting, sulfur checkers are used to disinfect the soil.
The defeat of cucumber peronosporiozy
On the merits and demerits of cucumber Siberian garland f1
Among the positive qualities of the Siberian garland are the following:
- bountiful harvest;
- prolonged fruiting;
- immunity to disease;
- excellent fruit taste;
- undemanding to growing conditions;
Even such a wonderful variety in all respects has its drawbacks:
- it is necessary to properly form a bush;
- high cost of seed;
- annual purchase of seeds, because collected from grown plants do not have maternal qualities.
The majority of summer residents are completely satisfied with the new variety and its yield. A huge plus is the absence of common unpleasant diseases. But to enjoy the abundance of cucumbers have to work as it should: Do not forget to form a bush and make feeding in time.. Against the background of a large number of positive qualities, the disadvantages are almost imperceptible.