At the mention of cucumber, in the head emerges the image of a crispy and juicy vegetable with a green skin. But white cucumbers are a bit unusual to see both in the garden and on the table. But this does not mean that they are less tasty and crunchy.
Description and characteristics
White cucumber varieties were cultivated for growing only in greenhouses. And after several experiments, the agronomists saw that white-skinned cucumbers perfectly survive both in hot and cool climates.Many gardeners claim that white cucumbers are more tasty than green fruits.
The length of the lashes can reach 2 meters. Inhibit growth, as well as in green varieties, with the help of pinching. Due to the white color, these cucumbers are clearly visible through the green foliage. This reduces the risk of a large number of overripe fruit.
The main purpose of cucumber-blond, for salads and fresh consumption. After all, these cucumbers are almost never bitter. But now there are already many varieties for canning and salting.
The main differences between white and green cucumbersIn agrotechnology, harvesting and use white cucumbers do not differ much from their green relatives
There are no global differences between white and green cucumbers, there are a few nuances. Such as:
- Colour. In young cucumbers the color of the peel is pale green. And by the time of ripening, the color generally changes to white;
- Taste. White cucumbers with a more pronounced cucumber flavor. Never bitter;
- Long scourge. White cucumbers necessarily need a garter because of the long lashes. But thanks to them productivity increases;
- Fruitfulness occurs along the entire length of the whips;
- Well tolerated temperature changes.
Advantages and disadvantagesCanned White Cucumber
The main advantage of white cucumbers is unusual. Due to its color, that is, its absence, these cucumbers look original both on the table and in pickled glass jars. Also the lack of coloring pigments is an excellent solution for people with allergies.
Most popular varieties
One of the most popular and common varieties of white cucumbers are:
White angelCucumber grade White Angel
It has white skin and spikes. It grows well, both outdoors and in the greenhouse. A remarkable feature of this type of cucumber is that it never has a bitter taste. The grade the White angel perfectly is suitable for conservation, and, of course, for the fresh use.
Snow LeopardCucumbers grade Snow Leopard
Very tasty variety of cucumbers. High-yielding. The length of the fetus can reach 20 centimeters. The fruit is suitable for use in fresh and salted.
Snow WhiteCucumbers grade Snow White
The most popular of all varieties of white cucumbers. It is unpretentious to climate change, so it grows well in open garden beds. Has increased fruitfulness. Precocious. The cucumber is good for fresh use and for canning.
BrideCucumber grade Bride
Very whimsical variety that requires constant watering and fertilizer. It takes a lot of experience to achieve a good harvest. with excellent taste.
Bidigo LungoCucumbers Bidigo Lungo grade
Specially bred greenhouse hybrid. Early maturing variety with high and long degree of fruitfulness. Great for use in salads and fresh. Gives fruit after 50 days of disembarkation.
Planting of seedlings in open ground occurs in early May. But you must first prepare the ground. It should be slightly acidic, and preferably neutral. A mixture of humus + sod land + wood coniferous sawdust is well suited for this. For the prevention of fungi, you must add quicklime to the soil.Planting cucumber seedlings in open ground
Also consider the weather conditions. When frost occurs, the plants are covered with a cloth until the temperature normalizes. At first, water cucumbers about once a week. After the appearance of the first ovaries, the frequency of irrigation is increased to once every two days.
To increase the yield, it is advised to feed plants. This should be done several times during the season, during flowering and during fruiting. The most popular and best type of fertilizer is herbal infusion. Also an excellent option would be an infusion of onion peel with brilliant green. After steaming in boiling water, the above ingredients, insist for 2 days. After the time, the husk is filtered and, after mixing with wood ash, laid on the bed under the cucumbers. A liquid that remained after straining, sprayed the leaves of plants.
Features of the form
The main feature of the white type of cucumbers is unpretentious. With absolute ease, it can grow and bear fruit both in greenhouse conditions and in the open air. At the same time, crop levels are practically the same. This cucumber perfectly tolerates even +45 C heat and zero coolness.
Diseases and pests
As well as green, white cucumbers are also prone to disease. But if you follow some tips, you can avoid disease and pest attacks.Before planting, cucumber seeds are disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate
- Before sowing necessarily process seeds disinfectant;
- Preferably annually change landing site;
- When landing in the greenhouse, do not forget maintain humidity in it (about 80%);
- To not allow soil drying;
- Constantly get rid of weedsso that they can not harm the root system of cucumbers;
- Required plant nutrition, at least a couple of times a season.
The most important villain for cucumbers is the spider mite. It affects the leaves and contributes to their withering. At the first appearance on the leaves of white or light yellow dots, it is necessary to treat the plants with an insecticide. In this case, damaged sheets must be cut and burned in order to avoid the next occurrence of the tick.Cucumber bush struck by melon aphids
Also common pest - melon aphid. Small 2-millimeter insects can be found on the leaves and flowers of plants. Which leads to twisting and drying of the leaves. To avoid this, it is necessary to timely get rid of weeds. Since this type of insect lives and breeds in certain areas.
There are a number of diseases that cucumber plants are prone to:
- Gray rot;
- White rot;
- Root rot;
- Powdery mildew;
- Ordinary mosaic;
- Olive spotting.
- Root rot
- Gray rot
- Olive spotting
- Mealy dew
- White rot
- Ordinary Mosaic
Timely determination of the symptoms of the disease will help make quick treatment.
An excellent type of cucumber for beginners. Even with minimal care can produce crops. Yes, and you can pleasantly surprise white cucumber guests at the table.