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What is chives and how to grow it from seeds

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Benefit and beauty - a rare combination for garden crops. Schnitt bow has these qualities. He is a storehouse of vitamins and is able to turn an ordinary garden bed into an elegant flower bed.

Schnitt onion is not afraid of frost, not whimsical in care, grows quickly and is very pleasant to taste. That is why in the backyards you can often see thin onion feathers, decorated with lilac and pink flowers "balls".

Regions of onion growth Schnitt

Spicy onion Schnitt - a multinational plant. He is able to adapt to different climatic conditions. He is loved in the central and southern regions of Russia, in Siberia and in the Far East.

Chives

Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, Italy and Portugal, America, India, Germany - everywhere an elegant little beam feels like home. He has many names: incisor, speed, winter or English bow, tribulka and sibulet.

In the wild, it grows in flooded meadows, in river valleys, on scarce and wet, sandy, loamy and comestic soils.

Description

Onion varieties Schnitt has thin awl-shaped feathers, juicy emerald green in color with a slight wax coating. Pen length up to 15 cm. Onion small, oblong, not suitable for food. The roots are filiform, white. Seeds are small, black. From the usual onion it is distinguished by the following parameters:

  • early growing season;
  • lack of typical bulbs;
  • unusual bloom;
  • nice and unsharp taste.

Bloom

The flowering onions Schnitt

Onion bloom Schnitt original. It starts in May and lasts all summer. Inflorescences in the form of a ball are formed on the arrows. The balls are made up of many umbrellas in which the seeds are hidden. Color umbrellas can be all shades of purple, lilac and pink. Often Schnitt onions are used in landscape design. It is able to decorate borders, alpine slides and flower beds.

Beneficial features

Schnitt feathers are not only pleasant to the taste, but also have useful properties, caring for human health. They include a group of vitamins, microelements and amino acids: vitamin C and B, iron, calcium, carotene and proteins.

The use of the incisor is recommended for people with heart, vascular diseases, it is also useful for the kidneys, liver and gallbladder.

Among other things Schnitt helps fight garden pests, drives away onion and carrot flies, kills fungal spores affecting roses, fruit trees and gooseberries. With its flowering, it attracts bees, which collect nectar from its sweet umbrellas.

Cooking

Young juicy feathers that have not reached flowering are suitable for food. Of them prepare salads, they are added to the first and second courses., used for filling pies, and of course Russian okroshka with chisel is always tasty and fragrant.

Chives are considered almost universal seasoning, suitable for all dishes except legumes.

Schnitt is attractive because it lacks the typical onion flavor and a sharp aftertaste. Often, this wonderful onion can be found in French and Italian cuisine.

Onion flowers are edible and have a soft, delicate flavor. They are ideal for fancy soups and salads, for fish dishes and cheese sauces.

Growing up

The variety Schnitt onions is grown in three traditional ways:

  1. sow seeds.
  2. planted seedlings.
  3. grown by dividing the plant.
Onion quickly grows and the easiest method of growing - division.

Seedlings

You can grow onion seedlings from seeds at home. The best sowing time is March. This will require:

  • fill container by land;
  • shed priming;
  • sow seeds;
  • slightly sprinkle with sand;
  • container cover with foil and put in a dark place;
  • air daily and moisten with pulverizer;
  • when sprouts appear remove the film and put the container on the sunny windowsill.
To get early chives, we start growing seedlings in March.

Landing in the ridge carried out in late April. Pre-fertilize the ground with compost, dig, remove weed rhizomes. The depth of planting holes is 1.5 cm, the width of the aisle is 20 cm. 3-4 plants are planted in each well. Water as the soil dries.

With a seedling method of growing in the current season, you can try juicy greens.

Seeds

Onion seeds are small and have a low germination rate. To work with them, you can use the method of stickers on paper tape. (starch paste is applied on toilet paper and seeds are densely placed).

Onion Seeds Schnitt

Before planting, it is recommended to soak the seeds and then dry them. However, with soil moisture and sufficient temperature, the seeds sprout perfectly and without soaking. Landing in the ridge is as follows:

  • dig the groundloosen up;
  • to make small grooves 0.3 cm wide by 20 cm;
  • shed water You can add complex fertilizer;
  • sow thick seeds;
  • sprinkle grooves;
  • slightly consolidate the soil;
  • to mulch sawdust, old newspapers, wood rotten;
  • water as needed.

The density of seedlings thinned out after the roots get stronger. Unnecessary plants are not thrown away, but planted in another place, for example, in a flower bed.

When sowing onions, Schnitt with seeds is advisable to allow it to grow stronger and not be plucked with its feather in the first year.

Dividing bush

Rezanets grows quickly and takes root without any problems. Onions can be divided in spring or in September. This is not difficult to do:

  • dig a plant and divide into parts 8-10 roots in each.
  • prepare the wells and shed water
  • plant vertically at a depth of about 3.5 cm. 30 plants can be planted per 1 square meter;
  • after landing consolidate the soil;
  • conduct active watering.
Thus, in 2-3 years you can grow a large number of onion shoots.

Landing in the winter

Onions can be sown before winter, by analogy with spring sowing, make ridges with sand and drainage land. Sowing in late September, early October. Pre-seed is not soaked.

After sowing, water the beds and mulch them 1 cm. Cover them with foliage, spruce leaves and rags. After the snow falls make a snow blanket. Thus, the seeds will be hardened and amicable shoots will show in the spring.

Autumn planting onion seeds in open ground

If you wish, you can spend division of mother plants and planting "babes" to a new place in the month of September. In this case, the old feather cut to the neck. Within a month the plant will give young roots, and at the first frost it is advisable to cover the beds with transplanted onions with spruce leaves, foliage and woven material.

Watering and lighting

Rezanet is not demanding to care. The main thing is to water it abundantly in dry time, he loves moisture. The remaining rules of care are elementary: to loosen, feed, remove weeds, and thin out and plant when thickened.

Water preferably desiccated water, with no chlorine. As for the sun, the Schnitt variety can grow in partial shade and in the sun.

Top dressing

Schnitt onion feed infusion of mullein or bird droppings

It is often not necessary to apply fertilizer under the chisel. Enough 1 time per season, in July. Fertilizers can be organic. (infusion of mullein, bird droppings) or industrial preparations based on minerals, phosphate and potassium salts.

Diseases and pests

An onion has sustained immunity to diseases and pests, and yet it sometimes happens that it can get sick.

NameDescriptionMeasures
Onion thripsA small insect eating a plant and drinking its juiceDig a bow out of the ground and warm it in water at + 50 ° C, then dry it in the sun.
Mealy dewWhite bloom appears on the feathersDestroy diseased leaves, then process with any fungicide.
RustRust stainsRemove diseased plants with Topaz or Falcon.

Disease prevention

In order to protect the future harvest from "evil" you need to properly care for the plants. To carry out loosening between rows, weeding the soil on the ridges, to make biological, potash and phosphate fertilizers. Do not overdry or overfill the soil. Inspect onions for the appearance of primary signs of disease.

Harvest

Schnitt unusual onion and its harvest in the fall is not removed in the form of bulbs. There are many other ways to preserve the harvest. Onion feather frozen, dried, pickled. It can be dug and transplanted for the winter into a flower container at home, where it will grow all winter.

Frozen Chives

You can cover the ridge with a film and feast on fresh and tender greens before the onset of severe frost. Onion can be collected for storage. They are dried and added to dishes. Do not forget about onion flowers - they can also be dried, pickled or frozen.

As you see chives have no negative characteristics. A beautiful, tasty, non-capricious, early onion chisel is created as if to satisfy all the wishes of the gardeners by their presence in the beds.

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